updated just after the Energy Savings Fair
in Lexington, Massachusetts, October 4, 2009
(thank you, Lexington GWAC!)
The dimensions of hybridness*
1. Internal-Combustion Electric.
Like trains, tugboats and submarines (to name a few) going back to about 1900, the hybrid combination of a diesel engine to run a generator to charge batteries is tried and true. (By the way, gasoline-electric hybrids are not new with the Honda Insight or Toyota Prius. Ferdinand Porsche (yes, that Porsche) built the first one in 1899.2. Removable Auxiliary Power Unit #1, the multi-fuel diesel trailer
This vehicle has a calculated (more data later) range of about 20 miles, enough to make my commute. (I will have to charge at both ends or make it work a little better if the range is any less!) The APU is on a trailer, and can be left behind. I can charge while pulling or while parked with the APU attached.
The diesel engine can run on petrodiesel or biodiesel and on SVO (straight vegetable oil) or on WVO (waste vegetable oil), or, as the real veg-heads prefer, UVO (used vegetable oil), because it isn't waste if it's fuel for your vehicle! And, I think this makes me a real veg-head, because I agree that UVO is not WVO unless it hasn't got any other use. What are the chances of that?3. Removable APU #2, "Propane Jenny," the propane generator.
This Auxilary Power Unit rides on the back deck of the vehicle. It employs a Honda 5-hp internal combustion engine (I.C.E.) that I converted, with some students back in about 2000, using a kit from some Web outfit, to run on propane. It delivers straight DC at ~53v to charge the battery pack directly, or, at times of peak demand, to support the current delivery by the battery pack.
4. Removable APU #3, "Gas Colman," the conventional generator.
This Auxilary Power Unit rides on the back deck of the vehicle, too. It is a 10-year-old, plain-as-anything off-the-shelf generator. Briggs and Stratton 8-hp gas I.C.E. running a generator head by direct drive. This delivers 110v AC for the same charing system you would use to plug the electic vehicle into a household wall socket. Speaking of which, hybridness #5...
5. Bonus! You can plug it into the wall, too.
It's also chargeable in the old-fashioned way: Plug it in to household current.
*get a dose of data on what a hybrid vehicle is at Wikipedia.
|Read the FAQ that accompanies Microfurthur at shows and stuff here.|
The vehicle itself.
1965 Lambro 550, a hard-luck time-traveler, converted to electric with a couple of my students and painted by my wife and daughter... the vehicle.
Brian W. at the helm, me holding wires together on the back deck, first test drive, December '04.
|The charging units.
at the core of charging system #1, the trailer, is a 25-year-old one-cylinder diesel from a piece of highway equipment. Then you add a used propane tank, some flexible exhaust tubing, a couple of gallons of vegetable oil, and there's one auxiliary power unit.
There's also a conventional generator, and a propane-fired 5-hp Honda that generates straight DC.
Check 'em out.
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